Pediatric Information

Visual development takes place during the first several years of life. Children are learning to see the world around them.

It is estimated that about 80% of a child’s learning is based on vision. Good vision is not only necessary for a child to learn and read and advance academically, but also for appropriate development, behavior, self-esteem, and coordination.

Since younger children cannot visually express or verbalize their vision, and older children may not be aware enough to understand they have a visual problem, it is important to have any concerns evaluated by someone with special skills and knowledge in pediatric eye care.

Our Ophthalmologist can diagnose wandering eyes, treatment of blocked tear ducts, and retinal problems and infections.

Signs your child may have a vision problem

If your child is displaying any of the following symptoms or behaviors, you may want to take them to an eye doctor for a comprehensive exam

  • Dislike or avoidance of reading

  • Short attention span

  • Poor coordination when throwing or catching a ball, copying from chalkboard, or tying their shoes

  • Placing their head close to their books or sitting close to the TV

  • Excessive blinking or eye rubbing

  • Using finger or pencil to guide eyes

  • Decreasing performance at school

Be sure to inform the Pediatric specialist if your child has failed a vision screening at school or during a visit to his or her pediatrician. Also please inform your specialist of any eye problems requiring vision correction, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, lazy eye, or diseases.

Don’t leave your children’s health up to them, make sure they get a comprehensive exam.

When should I take my child in for an eye exam

The American Optometric Association recommends that children have a comprehensive eye exam at six months, three years and five years of age. After that, your child should have a comprehensive annual eye exam (or every 2 years if not vision correction is required).

Amblyopia is the medical term for a loss of vision in an apparent healthy eye. Nearly 2-3% of children have amblyopia. If left untreated, it cannot be reversed later in life. There are three major forms of amblyopia:

  • Amblyopia due to crossed eyes (strabismus)

  • Amblyopia due to refractive error (need for glasses)

  • Amblyopia due to blockage of vision (for example, cataract or droopy eyelids)

Ideally, amblyopia should be treated before the child is 6-10 years old or the vision will be permanent. Treatment entails correcting the underlying problem and encouraging the child to use the lazy eye by wearing glasses and/or wearing a patch over the “good” eye or by instilling an eye drop to the good eye.